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The dictionary of Japanese general terms is available at Online Japanese dictionary.
alternative words: Kimono belt, Japanese kimono belt, Belt
keywords: art, craft
related topics: Kimono
related web sites: http://www.omn.ne.jp/~kn38/
explanation: Curiously, "obi" is a kimono's component who developed lately. Initially people wore kimono with a narrow string, revolved once and attached before. The modern "obi" appeared during Muromachi period with "kosode" (small sleeve), i.e. the actual form of kimono. During Edo period, obi has become a decorative element for women, revolved several times with a huge not behind, while men's obi evolved little. Nowadays, the most of obi is made at Nishijin in Kyoto.
alternative words: Nobunaga Oda, Nobunaga
keywords: famous person, war lord
related topics: Muromachi shogunate , Sengoku period , Imagawa Yoshimoto , Toyotomi Hideyoshi , Battle of Nagashino , Akechi Mitsuhide
related web sites: http://www.hihihi.com/nobunaga/
explanation: Born in the family of a local war lord in 1534 near Nagoya, a legend says that he would have feigned foolish when he was young to distract others. After having eliminated by a surprising attack, another war lord, Imagawa Yoshimoto who threatened from the east, Nobunaga went to Kyoto to give orders to others in the name of Shogun and Emperor. After many successful battles, he was assassinated by his deputy, Akechi Mitsuhide in 1582 on the road to the western Japan.
related topics: Muromachi period , Edo period , Tofu , Miso
related web sites: http://www.kibun.co.jp , http://www.so-net.ne.jp/p-planet/fu_index.html , http://www2s.biglobe.ne.jp/~meitei/ , http://www.pipfujimoto.co.jp/health/top_ii_2.html
explanation: During Muromach period, people ate "dengaku" which consists to grill "tofu" with miso: "oden" was a polite expression of dengaku. Later, other ingredients such as fishes or konniaku were also prepared with the same method. During Edo period, someone began to boil them together in a pot while keeping the same name and this dish has become very popular especially in Tokyo region, by adding other ingredients such as "daikon" (Japanese radish) and "chikuwa" (grilled fish's paste).
alternative words: Ohararyu school, Ohara-ryu, Ohararyu
keywords: ikebana, school
related topics: Ikebana , Ikenobo school
related web sites: http://www.ohararyu.or.jp
explanation: School of flower arrangement (ikebana) founded by a dissident of Ikenobo school, Ohara Unshin (1861-1916) at the end of Meiji era in Kansai region. He has introduced moribana (bunch of flowers) technique by using a flat base.
Okakura Tenshin岡倉天心 岡倉覚三
alternative words: Okakura Kakuzo, Tenshin Okakura, Kakuzo Okakura
keywords: art, famous person, scholar
related topics: Yokoyama Taikan , Hashimoto Gaho
related web sites: http://www.tenshin-museum.org
explanation: Born in 1862 in Yokohama. When he was a student at Tokyo university, he met Ernest Fenollosa and decided to restore the value of Japanese art. First he entered the education ministry and organized a protection of old Japanese art. He founded in 1890 the first Japanese art academy, Tokyo bijutsu gakko. After the eviction, he founded Nihon Bijutsuin to synthesize Japanese and western arts with Hashimoto Gaho and Yokoyama Taikan then led Asian section of Boston Museum in 1904. He died in 1913.
alternative words: Kansuke Okamoto, Okamoto Kanpo, Kanpo Okamoto
keywords: explorer, famous person, northern territory
related topics: Ezochi
related web sites: http://www.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/collection/makuake/tenji4.html
explanation: Born in 1839 in Tokushima prefecture. In 1856, he organized Hokumonsha association to defend the interests of Sakhalin island and explored between 1863 and 65 as the first Japanese the whole Sakhalin island. In 1870, he became chief of Sakhalin colonial office but quickly resigned due to a conflict with Kuroda Kiyotaka who was willing to concentrate the effort on to Hokkaido by giving up Sakhalin. In 1892, he tried to exploit Kuril island by creating Chishimagikai association. He died in 1904.
alternative words: Toshimichi Okubo, Ookubo Toshimichi, Toshimichi Ookubo
keywords: famous person, meiji revolution, statesman
related topics: Meiji revolution , Meiji period , Satsuma domain , Choshu domain , Saigo Takamori , Kido Takayoshi
related web sites: http://www.lint.ne.jp/~meirokun/haihan.htm
explanation: Born in 1830 in a samurai family of Satsuma domain. First, with Saigo Takamori, he strove for the political reform of Statsuma domain. Understood a need of the suppression of Edo shogunate, he promoted an alliance with Choshu domain for this goal, by becoming a friend with Kido Takayoshi. After the disappearance of Edo shogunate, he strove to make Japan a powerful centralized country by suppressing the feudal system. He was assassinated in 1878 by an unhappy samurai.
alternative words: Shigenobu Okuma
keywords: famous person, meiji revolution, statesman
related topics: Meiji revolution , Hagakure , Edo shogunate , Choshu domain , Saga domain , Ito Hirobumi , Itagaki Taisuke
related web sites: http://www.saganet.ne.jp/sagacity/kankou/ohkuma.html , http://www.waseda.ac.jp
explanation: Born in 1838 in a samurai family of Saga prefecture. Unhappy with Hagakure culture of his region, he had learnt Dutch and helped Choshu domain against Edo shogunate. First he participated to Meiji government but left it in 1881after a dispute with Ito Hirobumi and Yamagata Aritomo on the privatization. He founded Waseda university in 1882 and strobe with Itagaki Taisuke for the democracy. He provoked an international indignation with 21 demands to China in 1915. He died in 1922.
大国主命 大物主命 大己貴命
alternative words: Okuninushi no mikoto, Okuninushi no kami, Onamuchi no mikoto, Ookuninushi
keywords: god, mythology
related topics: Shintoism , Susano , Izumo dynasty , Fudoki , Kojiki , 7 fortune gods , Daikoku
related web sites: http://www.izumooyashiro.or.jp , http://www.d1.dion.ne.jp/~etra/history3.html
explanation: Shinto deity of Izumo dynasty and son or son in law of Susano. According to Kojiki, he had been tormented by brothers but finally he got the throne by marrying princess Suseri. He also saved a white rabbit nearly killed by sharks (legend of Inaba no shirousagi). According to Izumo Fudoki, he was not merely a local deity but a creator of the world together with Sukunahikona no mikoto. During the middle ages, Okuninushi was confounded with Daikokuten of 7 fortune gods.
alternative words: Omote senke, Omotesenkeryu, Omotenseke ryu, Omotesenke school
related topics: Tea ceremony , Sen no Rikyu , Urasenke
related web sites: http://member.nifty.ne.jp/omote-senke/index.htm
explanation: One of the 3 main tea ceremony schools together with Urasenke and Mushanokoji senke. The school was founded by Sen no Sosa (1619-72), the 3th son of Sotan who was a grandchild of the famous tea master, Sen no Rikyu. It claims legitimate of all the Sen schools and every successor takes the name of "Sen Sosa". Omotesenke means "outside Senke" while Urasenke, "backside Senke", referring to the position of each house in a Kyoto's street.